Land art and site specific sculpture - land art uses the environment and its scale as its material. Concrete art is expressed in material itself with which the artist introduces her non-representational objective. Public art can be viewed and accessed by observers.
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Die Erkundigung der Grenzbereiche zwischen Landschaftsarchitektur und bildende Kunst

a lecture by Lucien den Arend at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich Switzerland ETH
December 2000

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"ENVIRONMENTAL SCULPTURE read my calling card in 1970. In 1969 the city architect, Dirk Hol, of Dordrecht NL had contacted me to make a proposal for a sculpture in one of the courts of new plant where handicapped people could find adapted employment. This court - patio, as was referred to it in Dutch - was the main one adjoining the entrance hall. Its main function was a visual one. The architect had designed a garden with an L-shaped pond behind the glass wall in the entrance hall. The sculpture was to be placed in the inside corner, next to the pond. He gave me the possibility to make proposals for the arrangement of the plants and even the option to alter the shape of the pond. These words did not have to be said twice to me. Since I was only beginning to explore the field of sculpture, I had directed all of my attention to the objects I made, solving their internal problems. But the idea that I could influence the environment in which a sculpture was to be situated aroused me. At the same time it did not seem interesting to me to only rearrange or adjust the direct surroundings - it would just just not be enough.

All the spaces around the court had either windows or the walls were entirely of glass. Putting a sculpture there would more or less create a show window effect. So it was evident to me that it was the garden itself that needed to express itself. A sculpture could not make it what it did not have itself. And a pond was for me too 'gardenish'. But water as an element fascinated me. I literally overturned the pond and started working with the idea of a plateau which would have water flowing over it."





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