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The more general term is 'environmental art' is an art form, developed in the 20th-century, intended to involve or include the spectators rather than to just occupy the same space; the form can be regarded as having developed as part of a larger artistic current that sought to break down the historical dichotomy between life and art - but more probable is that the artist, and in particular the sculptor, felt the need to envelop the observer with sculpturally devised surroundings. The environmental sculptor can utilize virtually any medium and material, from earth and stone to water and plants. Light, wind and rain are a natural component of environmental art.
In the late sixties I had a calling card with the text 'environmental sculpture'. My first environmental project was an enclosed garden in DSW, a social employment facility in Dordrecht Holland - 'Dienst Sociale Werkvoorziening'.
environmental art in Holland and Finland
environmental art by Lucien den Arend
the evolution of the term environmental art